Informations sur les huiles alimentaires (en anglais)
COPPER CHLOROPHYLL AND EDIBLE OIL – FACTSHEET
1. Copper chlorophyll is chlorophyll-derived compound which can be used as a (green) food colorant. It is a commonly used food additive and it is of no health concern.
2. Copper chlorophyll can occur naturally in certain types of edible oil : it is a substance that can be formed during the processing of olive pomace oil and grape seed oil. Consequently, detection of the presence of copper chlorophyll in these types of oil does not mean that it has been added.
3. The international standard for olive oils (Codex Alimentarius and the International Olive Council, IOC) has set quality parameters for olive oil, together with testing methods.
4. The international standard does not establish any limit for the natural presence of copper chlorophyll. It also does not establish any recognized testing method for copper chlorophyll.
5. International standards, and consequently applicable EU legislation, prohibit the addition of copper chlorophyll in edible oils, in order to avoid food fraud, because adding green colorantin oil can be used as a way to give lower quality oil the aspect of a higher quality one.
6. The EU applies a strict system of control on edible oils to ensure its safety for all consumers,within the EU and for the exported products.
7. The EU cooperates closely with the Taiwanese authorities to dispel their concerns, on the basis of international standards and scientific data, including organising a visit to Taipei of
European chemist experts in January 2014.
8. The EU has been instrumental in obtaining an invitation for Taiwanese experts to attend the meeting of the IOC held in March 2014.
9. At the IOC meeting, held with the participation of Taiwanese experts, the IOC confirmed that there is currently no method that can make the difference between fraudulently added and naturally occurring copper chlorophyll.
10. The IOC continues to work on a possible method that could quantify the presence of copper chlorophyll in olive pomace oil, including through a collective review of an analytical testing
method used by Taiwan’s Food and Drug Administration.
11. The IOC requested Taiwan to suspend the use of their analytical method as evidence for determining that copper chlorophyll has been fraudulently added to edible oils, awaiting the outcome of the on-going research referred to above, as this current method is not suitable to detect fraudulently added copper chlorophyll in olive pomace oil.
For further information, please refer to the IOC website